Intellectual property theft has been one of the main reasons why the Trump administration has begun a confrontation with China. Previous governments have tried to get China to combat this practice with limited success. Some other U.S. agricultural exports have also improved better than their previous annual targets, but on a smaller scale. Until September, U.S. corn exports were above the commitment, in part because China had complied with a 2019 WTO ruling against its unsused tariff rate quotas. (To comply, China also increased corn imports from other countries by more than 200% in 2020 compared to 2017.9) U.S. cotton sales to China are also going relatively better in 2020. But for Trump`s aggregate metrics, hundreds of millions of dollars in additional sales of pork, corn and cotton are fading compared to billions of dollars in lost soybean sales. In a 2019 statement from the National Association of Manufacturers, it said it opposed the trade war and called for a new structure of U.S.-China trade relations that would eliminate China`s unfair trade practices and improve the competitive playing field for U.S.
producers.  A 2018 Politico article documented the close partnership between NAM President Jay Timmons and President Trump and stated that Timmons was fighting from within against Trump`s trade war.  While updates on the trade war have strongly considered investors over the past two years, the formal signing of the deal has been greeted with shrugging. The S&P 500 rose about 0.2%. An indicator of semiconductor companies, particularly sensitive to the trade war, fell more than 1%. Stephen Vaughn, a former USTR general and legal architect of tariffs on Chinese goods, said compliance with the agreement would also benefit China by retaining its United States. Relationship with further deterioration. Now that its economy is recovering strongly from the coronavirus pandemic, Beijing has few excuses not to increase its purchases, he added. Hun Quach, vice president of international trade at the Retail Industry Leaders Association, said the tariffs will influence U.S.
family budgets by raising the price of everyday items.    Both sides declared a ceasefire in the trade war at an artistic signing ceremony at the White House, which was attended by President Trump and Chinese Vice Premier Liú Hè 刘鹤, the 11th member of the Chinese leadership. Although the full text of the agreement has not been released, the agreement requires China to buy an additional $200 billion in U.S. products over two years above the 2017 level. The text of the published agreement shows that China is committed to protecting U.S. intellectual property, halting forced technology transfers, and not using currency devaluation as a trade weapon. It also contained an enforcement mechanism that would allow the imposition of import duties in the absence of dispute settlement. If these discussions fail to resolve the dispute, further tariffs will come into effect. In such a scenario, the other party promises not to take revenge through its own tariffs. If that`s the case, any country can announce it in writing and pull out of the deal — quickly bringing both countries back into a trade war scenario. In August 2019, Trump`s trade adviser Peter Navarro claimed that tariffs do not harm Americans. Politifact considered Navarro`s claim to be “Pants on Fire.”  Nearly 90 percent of companies surveyed by the U.S.-China Business Council view the trade deal positively, but only 7 percent say its benefits outweigh the cost of tariffs.
*Estimated based on the methodology described in this annex. ** These products are defined by USITC 2020 Covid-19 Related Goods: U.S. Imports and Tariffs, with Harmonized Tariff Schedule Codes converted to Schedule B codes. As a candidate in 2016, Donald Trump built his case for the presidency around his alleged insight as a dealmaker. .